Here are a few keyboard shortcuts you can use to perform common tasks
quickly. Many more are available in addition to what is listed here. For
more command line and keyboard shortcuts, visit:
[Ctrl] + [Alt] +
[Backspace] = kills your current X session. Kills your
graphical desktop session and returns you to the login screen. Use
this if the normal exit procedure does not work.
[Ctrl] + [Alt] +
[Delete] = shutdown and reboots your Red Hat Linux
system. Shuts down your current session and reboots the OS. Use only
when the normal shutdown procedure does not work.
[Ctrl] + [Alt] + [Fn]
= switches screens. [Ctrl]+[Alt] + one
of the function keys displays an available screen. By default,
[F1] through [F6] are shell prompt
screens and [F7] is the graphical desktop screen.
[Alt] + [Tab] = switches tasks in a
graphical desktop environment. If you have more than one application
open at a time, you can use [Alt] +
[Tab] to switch among open tasks and applications.
[Ctrl] + [a] = moves cursor to the
beginning of a line. This works in most text editors and in the URL
field in Mozilla.
[Ctrl] + [d] = logout of (and close)
shell prompt. Use this quick shortcut instead of typing
exit or logout.
[Ctrl] + [e] = moves cursor
to end of a line. This works in most text editors and in the URL field in
[Ctrl] + [l] = clears the
terminal. This shortcut does the same thing as typing
clear at a command line.
[Ctrl] + [u] = clears the current
line. If you are working in a terminal, use this shortcut to clear the
current line from the cursor all the way to the beginning of the line.
[Middle Mouse Button] = pastes highlighted
text. Use the left mouse button to highlight the text. Point the
cursor to the spot where you want it pasted. Click the middle mouse
button to paste it. In a two mouse system, if you configured your
mouse to emulate a third mouse button, you can click both the left and
right mouse buttons simultaneously to perform a paste.
[Tab] = command autocomplete. Use this command when
using a shell prompt. Type the first few characters of a command or
filename and then press the [Tab] key. It will
automatically complete the command or show all commands that match
the characters you typed.
[Up] and [Down] Arrow = shows command
history. When using a shell prompt, press the [up] or
[down] arrow to scroll through a history of commands
you have typed from the current directory. When you see the command
you want to use, press [Enter].
clear = clears the shell prompt screen. Type
this command to clear all visible data from the shell prompt screen.
exit = logout. Type this at a shell prompt
to logout of the current user or root account.
history = shows history of commands. Type
this at a shell prompt to see a numbered list of the previous 1000
commands you typed. To display a shorter list of previously used
commands, type history followed by a space and
a number. For example, history 20.
reset = refreshes the shell prompt
screen. Type this at a shell prompt to refresh the screen if
characters are unclear or appear corrupt.